Trying to decide between 3-axis and 5-axis machining may not be that simple as production costs are always at the top of concerns. But basically, the questions you should ask are:
Does the process require continuous or simultaneous machining, or can it be separated into stages?
Does the complexity of the part profile require the movement of the cutting tool?
Is the processing time optimized with each reorientation and tool change?
Is it possible for equipment that works with three axes to obtain the same results as one that works with five axes?
What are the collision risks?
Which option provides the most tooling wear?
Getting The Most Out Of 5-Axis Machining
It is not uncommon to see equipment with 5-axis capabilities being underutilized. Some companies may have the machine but not use its full capacity, or they may not have the software necessary to create a program that exploits all of its capabilities. It is not uncommon for companies to purchase a 5-axis machining center to use only 3.
Therefore, before choosing to have such robust equipment, it is essential to have the technical training to work in ideal conditions.
The Importance Of 5-Axis Controls And Software
While having a mechanic with the proper skill set is a significant contributor to maximizing the capability of a 5-axis machine, machine control and software are equally important. \The machine software must be able to process the data quickly enough so that the tool path is a pleasant, smooth, and uniform movement; therein lies the importance of having a well-programmed language.
Avoiding Collisions In 5 Axes
As with any programmed equipment, a 5-axis machining center can suffer a collision due to the speed and versatility of movements that the tool holder can work. Fortunately, today, several tools and software on the market can help reduce and eliminate these nasty collisions.
The software can simulate the movements and detect if, during the process, there is a risk of collision. Avoiding these collisions is essential because they can damage the equipment and even hurt someone if they occur. Of course, in addition to the software, it is essential that you manually simulate at a very low speed.
5 Axis Tool Sensors
High productivity benefits 5-axis machining, but it also increases the risk of errors such as using a broken tool or the wrong tool. One way to minimize these errors is to opt for a tool detection system. There are several options, including laser, that are very useful. You can also know more about CNC double column here.